Mummification: How are the Egyptian Mummy Made.
Along with Dracula, Frankenstein's Monster and the Werewolf, the Mummy is one of the famous figures of the classic horror film, because mummies are real-life, tangible ghosts those can be seen in museums. The most familiar mummies, of course, are the carefully-wrapped bodies of ancient Egypt. Over centuries, the ancient Egyptians developed a method of preserving dead bodies so the deceased would use their bodies afterlife. The process of making a mummy which we call today mummification included embalming, a treatment to protect dead body from decay, and wrapping the bodies in strips of linen. .
Embalming the body.
First, the dead body is taken to the tent known as Ibu or the "Place of Purification". There the embalmers, priests who treats dead bodies, wash the dead body with good-smelling palm wine and rinse it with water from the Nile.
Then the body is taken to Per-Nefer or the "House of Mummification". One of the embalmer makes a cut in the left side of the body and removes the internal organs. It is important to remove these because they are the first part of the body to decompose. The liver, lungs, stomach and intestines are washed and packed in natron, A natural salt from the shores of lakes west of the Nile Delta, which will dry them out. The heart is not taken out of the body because it is believed that heart is the center of intelligence and emotion. After that, a long hook is used to smash the brain and pull it out through the nose (See Figure 1), because it is believed that the brain has no significant value. This is very delicate operation, which can easily transform the face.
Figure 1: A long hook is inserted through nostril, smash and pull the brain out. Figure 2: Packets of natron are stuffed in the body to dry it out.
The body is then covered and stuffed (See Figure 2) with natron which will dry it out and left for about forty days.