The Tang Dynasty was a dynasty of immense power, great wealth, and sophistication. The preceding dynasty, Sui, was taken over by the Li Family. They were aristocrats from the North West who had past connections with the barbarians. The Li family was also supported by Turkish allies. They took over Changan in 618. Gao Zu and his son Tai Zong defeated eastern Turkish empires, reduced the Taim barim to Chinese control, made Tibet a dependency, and even interfered successfully in Indian affairs.
The men of Tang were men of action. They were stockbreeders and lovers of horses. The Tang breed was produced by crossing horses nearer home with races from the Oxus region and the Middle East. The upper class passionately devoted to equestrian pursuits, and the game of polo.
Society of Tang dynasty had an open-minded attitude, which appreciated foreign cultures, art, clothing, ornament, music, dances, and cuisine. The position of women in society also changed. Young widows were permitted to remarry. Divorces were made easier and better protection of women was attained. Certain rights were engaged to the retention of property.
Three new religions flourished during the Tang Dynasty. The first Zoroastrian temple was built in 621. Nestorian Christian missionaries entered in China during 635. Lastly, Manicheanism was introduced in 694. The religious persecutions during 841-845 drove out these three religions. Buddhism was also attacked; wealth of the monasteries were confiscated and shrines were closed.
Empress Wu was the one and only female ruler of China. Empress Wu did not let her son rule after her husband died. Instead, she took over the throne. Another distinctive contribution from China was the invention of paper and printing. During the Tang period, woodblock printing was invented. This enabled the circulation of more text. The Civil Service Examination System was changed during the Tang Dynasty.