Since the beginning of mankind, Europe always had the largest world population. But with the many powers in Europe there have been complications with the ownership of land, whether it was over a small plot of land or large area like a country. There was always some kind of ruler who owned every inch of a certain area called an empire. Over time these empires fell and new empires were developed like Italy and Germany. Italy became independent between 1859 and 1870. Germany became independent between 1864 and 1871. These countries were formed by the unity of language and culture. But with the dividing of countries and the forming of new countries this aroused the complications that started World War I. Imperialism, Nationalism, Militarism, and Alliances are the four long term main causes of the outbreak of World War I. Imperialism: many of these nations were competing for empires in Africa and the Far East. This led to the rise in tensions between many countries. Nationalism: large, established nations wanted to prove their superiority. Smaller areas with mutual ethnic roots wanted to form their own countries. Militarism: nations were building large armies with new weapons and sooner or later, someone was going to test their strength. Two major alliances were created prior to World War I the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. The Triple Entente included France, Great Britain, and Russia while the Triple Alliance included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
Since World Wart I started many historians and government officials have had many different ideas on who was to blame for the war. There were three main causes for the outbreak of war:.
"(1) the clashing of national interests and ideals in Europe; (2) the maintenance of a system of secret military alliances; and (3) the economic rivalry of the nations of Europe." .
On June 28, 1914, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, Archduke Francis Ferdinand, was assassinated by a Serbian.