Bless Me Ultima, a book by Rudolfo A. Anaya, is about a young boy named Antonio who comes of age through troubling ordeals throughout the book. He is aided in this journey by a curandera named Ultima, who teaches Tony many life lessons. Anaya uses animals to symbolize intangible attributes such as good and evil. Representing Ultima, he uses the owl, which serves as the good character, while the coyote represents evil, portrayed by Tenorio. The Golden Carp is a symbol of Tony's uncertainty toward religion and morality. .
Anaya's portrayal of these mystical characteristics shapes Tony's ascent into manhood. The need for good is represented by the owl, which symbolizes Ultima. The symbolic value of the owl is seen early in the story when Tony calls it "Ultima's owl". Tony is aware of the presence of the owl because he "heard the owl cry its warning" before the death of Lupito. This foreshadowing of events occurs throughout the book, and shows the magical powers Tony believed to belong to the owl / Ultima. Because of these powers Tony's life is confusing and unstable. .
The owl also proves to be a savior to Antonio's family when it "pounced on the coyotes" while Ultima and Tony are helping Uncle Lucas. Tony realizes that in order to be successful, he must heed the warnings that come to him through nature, and his dreams. He learns that he must put himself in vulnerable positions, like the owl who risks it's life, to help others. Evil, on the other hand, is symbolized by coyotes and the character of Tenorio. Before Tenorio is involved in the story, there is no mention of the wickedness of the coyotes, but once he shows up, they"re constantly on the side of evil. Tony refers to Tenorio's friends as a "ring of coyotes around him".
A unique perspective differentiates Tony from the other characters in the story. Once an idea is implanted into his mind, it remains there in his subconscious. Later in the story he even calls the coyotes Tenorio's -- "He ran to find refuge behind two of his coyotes".