Acid rain has become an environmental concern of global importance within the last decade. With the increasing environmental awareness of the "unhealthy" condition of our planet earth the concern about acid rain has not lessened.
In brief, acid rain is rain with pH values of less than 5.6. When dealing with acid rain one must study and understand the process of making Sulfuric acid. In this paper we will take an in depth look into the production of sulfuric acid, some of its uses and the effects of it as a pollutant in our environment. (Walter).
Among the many countries of the world where sulfuric acid is produced, there are three major plants located in a country suffering largely from the effects of acid rain. In Canada the problem has been there for quite a while. I mention these three because of their size and the amount of pollution resulting to sulfuric acid which leads to acid rain that they each give off.
1. Inco. - Sudbury .
2. Noranda Mines Ltd. - Welland .
3. Sulfide - Ontario(Nilles).
There are a number of factors that govern the location of each manufacturing plant. Some of these factors that have to be considered when deciding the location of a Sulfuric Acid plant are:.
a. Whether there is ready access to raw materials;.
b. Whether the location is close to major transportation routes;.
c. Whether there is a suitable work force in the area for plant construction and operation;.
d. Whether there are sufficient energy resources readily available;.
e. Whether or not the chemical plant can carry out its operation without any unacceptable damage to the environment. (Bice).
Listed above are the basic deciding factors that govern the location of a plant. The following will explain in greater detail why these factors should be considered.
1) Raw Materials: The plant needs to be close to the raw materials that are involved in the production of sulfuric acid such as sulfur, lead, copper, zinc sulfides, etc.
2) Transportation: A manufacturer must consider proximity to transportation routes and the location of both the source of raw materials and the market for the product.