The Gods: The bases of Their Civilization
Acienct Egypt was one of the most known historical civilization. Its whole civilization was based on their God's. Gods were one of the biggest aspect in the Ancient Egyptian culture. There was on main God that the Egyptians can be related to, Ra/re, the God of the sun and the creator of the earth. One important myth in the Egyptian culture that is well known today, this myth is the Myth of Osiris and Seth. The Gods in this story play an important role in the beliefs of the Ancient Egyptians.
The Ancient Egyptians believed in one God, Ra/re, the God of the sun. According to the Heliopolitan cosmology, Re created himself from a mound that arose from the primeval waters of Nun or out of a primordial lotus flower. He then created Shu (air) and Tefnut (moisture), who in turn created the earth-god Geb and the sky-goddess Nut. Re was said to have created humankind from his own tears. It was said that Re traveled each day in his solar fortress through the sky, starting in the morning. At night, Re journeyed through the underworld in another fortress. And each night, the monster Apep would try to prevent the sun god from emerging again; the eternal battle between light and darkness. The Gods Seth and Mehen accompanied him and were often depicted defending Re's fortress. Others believed that Re could be found at night in the underworld, giving support to the dead. Re is also the god of the pharaohs and the Egyptian kings claimed themselves sons of Re. After death, the monarchs were said to ascend into the sky to join the surroundings of Re.
Osiris was the Egyptian god of the underworld, although he was also worshipped as an imagination, resurrection, and vegetation god. He was married to Isis, a sky goddess. He was father to Horus, the god of sky, and protector of the dead. The myth of Osiris and Seth is a well-known myth in the Egyptian civilization. When Osiris became a pharaoh, his ... Continue Reading