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Earl Warren

             Earl Warren played an important role in reshaping the rights of individuals in the United States. His place as Chief Justice in the Supreme Court let him take on cases that would later help protect the rights of citizens. He helped the Constitution extend its protection over racial, religious, ethnic minorities and the overall people of the United States. Warren Made the activism of the Supreme Court, and judicial review, pivotal contested issues of American public life.
             In 1953 President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Earl Warren the fourteenth Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Earl Warren was Chief Justice during one of the most turbulent times in our nation's history. During his tenure, the Court dealt with controversial cases on civil rights and civil liberties and the very nature of the political system. The new Chief proved an effective leader by bringing the Brethren from division to unanimity on the issue of racial equality (Pollack 120). Warren took over a court that was deeply divided between those justices who advocated a more active role for the court and those who supported judicial restraint (Jordan).
             The case that sticks out the most in Warrens run as Chief was Brown v. Board of Education. It also happened to be one of his first cases. The decision was unanimous and it ended the segregation of children in public schools. This was seen in the court as a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's clause requiring equal protection of the laws (Jordan). This was one of his first steps towards getting his reputation as being a profound reconstructor of United States citizens" rights. The Brown case was the first in a long string of judgments that marked a more active role for the Supreme Court of the United States in American life. The Warren Court took on the defense of individual rights as no court before it. Warren considered this a proper role for the courts; he never saw the role of the judiciary as passive, or somehow inferior to the other two branches of government (Huston).

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