On April 12th in 1861 at 4:30am, General Pierre Gustove Tuton Borigard ordered to open fire on Fort Sumpter out in Charleston Harbor. 34 hours later a white flag rose over the fort to stop the firing. The only casualty was a Confederate horse. This firing was the bloodless opening to the bloodiest war in American history. In this war, battles took place in 10,000 places, with 3 million serving in the war and over 600,000 dead by the end. But why did this war have to happen? In this essay, I will provide the wars precedents, the ultimate cause, ultimate issue and immediate occasions, and the general social, political, and economic causes. I will also mention the advantages and disadvantages for both sides along with their strategies and the consequences this war brought.
The precedents that led to the Civil War were many. The precedents include the Kentucky/Virginia resolutions, the Hartford Convention in 1815, the Missouri Compromise of 1820, the Tariff Abomination of 1828, the Compromise of 1850, and the Stricter Anti-Fugitive Slave Law. The Kentucky/Virginia Resolution involves any state can nullify laws. The Hartford Convention opposed war and adopted resolution. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 was to allow Missouri enter as a slave state and Maine as a free state. The Tariff Abomination in 1828 was when South Carolina stated that they would not pay tariffs since it was so high. The Compromise of 1850 allowed Texas to enter as a slave state and California enter as a free state. This Compromise also did not allow the sale of slaves in the District of Columbia. The last is the Stricter Anti-Fugitive Slave Law in the south. These precedents were the corner stones that lead to the Civil War.
As the precedents built the foundation to war, the three causes, the ultimate cause, the ultimate issue, and the immediate occasion, along with the general/social, political and economic causes built the rest and war finally broke out.