During the 1960's the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights changed throughout the decade. The climaxes for the civil rights movement were from 1954 to 1968. Several revolts, peaceful and violent, took place to contribute to equalizing the segregated America, black and white. For a century, America thought they had done enough for the African American people by giving them their freedom and their right as a citizens because of the13th and 14th amendments ( 1856 and 1868), but hatred and inequality could not be ratified as the constitution was.
More laws were being made to practice the saying "we all equal under the eyes of the law". Yet, not one of laws were actually being followed, even in the supreme court. According to document F, racial profiling was a major problem for blacks in California. The Black Panthers blamed California Legislature for "keeping the black people disarmed and powerless" against not only the white community but the police as well. Also, in the Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 case, involved the segregation of railroad passengers, the Supreme Court held that "separate but equal" public facilities did not violate the Constitution. Racial discrimination was consented by the government, which did not make the task for civil rights any easier. In 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court took a turn around in their views. The decision in Brown v. Board of Education reversed the original ruling of "separate but equal" public facilities by undoing the first ruling of segregation. The Supreme Court stated that "compulsory segregation in public schools denies black children equal protection under the law". Thus, this case represented the government realizing the inequitable lifestyles the African American people were subjected to. .
In 1957 the first federal civil rights law was assembled. It proclaimed for the organization of a U.S. Commission on Civil Rights and authorized the U.