Spain's land is a total of 504,782 square kilometers. 5,240 square kilometers of that being water. 36,400 square kilometers is irrigated land. .
The land is used for crops as well as other things. The natural resources in this country include iron ore, mercury, coal, zinc, lead, copper, lignite, pyrites, flourspar, gypsum, tungsten, kaolin, potash, hydropower, and uranium. Spain produces large amounts of crops of wheat, sugar beets, barley, tomatoes, olives, citrus fruit, grapes, and cork. It is the world's largest producer of olive oil and Europe's largest producer of lemons, oranges, and strawberries. The major industries in Spain produce textiles, iron, steel, as well as many chemicals. There are also tobacco and beverage industries located in Spain. About 8 percent of the cultivated land in Spain is devoted to legumes (nuts) and to the industrial crops. The legumes are grown virtually everywhere. Small amounts of tobacco, cotton, flax and hemp are also cultivated, but they are not adequate to fulfill Spain's needs for them. But esparto grass, a Mediterranean fiber used in making paper, rope, and baskets grew in large amounts in the southeastern part of the country and made up for the lose in the other crops. .
The center of Spain forms a vast plateau extending from the Cantabrian Mountains in the north to the Sierra Morena in the south, and from the Portuguese border in the west. Except for some fertile valleys, the central plateau is arid and thinly populated.
The climate in Spain is temperate. They have clear hot summers in the inner part of the country, called the interior. The weather is moderate and cloudy along the coasts in the summer. The winters are cloudy and cold in the interior part of the country and partly cloudy and cool along the coasts. Spain is also known to have periodic droughts, which can cause complications with the growth of crops during the different seasons of the year.