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Pro-Choice and Pro-Life Legalities

             833 (1992) was a case decided by the Supreme Court of the United States, in which the constitutions of several Pennsylvania state regulations regarding abortion were challenged. The Court's plurality opinion (an opinion by a group of judges, usually an appellate court, in which no one opinion acquired the proponent of a majority of the court) upheld the constitutional right to have an abortion and altered the standards for analyzing restrictions of that right, invalidating one regulation but upholding the other four" ("Planned Parenthood v. Casey, " para. 1). .
             The Pennsylvania Abortion Control Act of 1982, authored by Rep. Stephen F. Friend was challenged as unconstitutional via Roe v. Wade, which recognizes the constitutional right and liberty to have an abortion under the protection of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The act's five provisions are the following: "[T]he informed consent rule mandate physicians to inform women about the dangers to their health during the abortion, the spousal notice rule required women to inform their husbands prior to the procedure, the parental notification and consent rule obliges minors to get prior consent from a parent or guardian to have an abortion, the fourth provision imposed a 24-hour grace period before receiving an abortion, and the fifth provision was the obligation of certain reporting protocols on establishments performing abortion services]("Planned Parenthood v. Casey," para. 2). .
             The first phase of the case involved five abortion clinics as the plaintiffs, and a class action suit of doctors who provide abortion services. Only on physician represent himself. They filed a lawsuit to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania to request the state to issue an enjoinder on the five stipulations as unconstitutional. After a three-day bench trial, the District Court upheld that all the clauses were lawless and entered an injunction against Pennsylvania's enforcement of them.

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