The Arab spring of 2011 is a wave of revolutions taking place in the Arab world. It has launched an era of sweeping political changes in the countries of the Middle East and North Africa. These uprisings demanded the fall of the everlasting leaders and regimes so that new opportunities for reform and democratic transition could be processed. We are going to analyze the key factors among the countries that had undergone the Arab spring, the reasons why Arab spring took place in some countries and not others, the effects and challenges that Egypt must consider settling after the after the Arab spring and end up with an objective analysis of the Arab spring.
The Arab spring started in in the Tunisian city of Sidi Bouzid, after the self-immolation of a local shop owner, the set of separate revolutions known as the Arab Spring had kept the region in turmoil for a considerable period of time. With protests and revolutions reaching from its roots from Tunisia to the streets of Syria, with as many as 19 countries taking part, to this day people are fighting for what they believe are their rights and fighting against corruption and poor living situations. While each country fights for individual basic rights, which are usually area specific, in all impacted countries, there were accusations of human rights violations, government corruption, an extreme poverty caused by unemployment and a new generation of educated youth driven by a desire of living in a democratic world. Then rulers and political regimes had been forced out of power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen while civil uprisings had erupted in Bahrain and Syria; major protests had broken out in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco and Sudan; minor protests had occurred in Lebanon, Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti and Western Sahara (Ogbonnaya). The revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt were the fastest to take shape despite the apparent control and strength of the ruling class, whose allegiance and connections to the institutions providing security for the regime couldn't cooperate, though some officials in these institutions reaped multiple material merits at the individual level.