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The Coming of the Civil War

            There was many reasons why the Civil War began.S Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865. Like I previously mentioned, there was many reasons why the civil war started. Its causes can be traced back to tensions that formed early in the nation's history. One of the main reasons the Civil War happened was because of the economic and social differences between the North and the South. With Eli Whitney's  invention of the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable. This machine was able to reduce the time it took to separate seeds from the cotton. However, at the same time the increase in the number of plantations willing to move from other crops to cotton meant the greater need for a large amount of cheap labor, i.e. slaves. Thus, the southern economy became a one crop economy, depending on cotton and therefore on slavery. .
             On the other hand, the northern economy was based more on industry than agriculture. In fact, the northern industries were purchasing the raw cotton and turning it into finished goods. This disparity between the two set up a major difference in economic attitudes. The South was based on the plantation system while the North was focused on city life. This change in the North meant that society evolved as people of different cultures and classes had to work together. On the other hand, the South continued to hold onto an antiquated social order. Another reason why the civil war started was because it was mainly states versus federal rights. Since the time of the Revolution, two camps emerged: those arguing for greater states' rights and those arguing that the federal government needed to have more control. The first organized government in the US after the American Revolution was under the Articles of Confederation. .
             The thirteen states formed a loose confederation with a very weak federal government. However, when problems arose, the  weaknesses of the Articles  caused the leaders of the time to come together at the  Constitutional Convention  and create, in secret, the  US Constitution.

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