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Human Sexuality and Birth Control

            According to Potts, the definition for birth control is, "the voluntary limiting of human reproduction, using such means as sexual abstinence, contraception, induced abortion, and surgical sterilization (as cited in Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014). On the word of London (1982/2015), "Birth control has been an important matter in the lives of humans since the beginning of time, the first contraception devices used in the ancient Egypt were sponges that were used as vaginal barriers to stop the sperm from reaching the egg, these barriers were concocted from a mix of crocodile dung, honey and sodium carbonate used to block the flow of sperm from fertilizing the egg among many others" (The History of Birth Control section, para.17). .
             Birth control has always been a major concern since earlier times during the 1500s. Payne (2015) states that, "Women didn't regard birth control as a top priority because of the high child and infant mortality rates that cut children's lives short due to diseases" such as the "bubonic plague" and "pneumonia" that were left untreated (Introduction, para. 1). Payne (2015) states that, "As a result of these untreated diseases, "30% of England's children ended up dying before age 15", which prompted women during these times to have as many children as they could in hopes of having a greater amount of children who would survive (Introduction, para. 3). On the word of the (World Health Organization [WHO], 2014), during the early1800s, child mortality rates were beginning to decline due to improvements such as clean drinking water and better hygienic practices being introduced that removed the risk of infections, and also an abundance of food during that time gave children a better chance at life because they were provided with better nutrition for their growing bodies (WHO, 2014).

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