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Family Planning in Pakistan

            The year 1952 saw a revolutionary change in the community development sphere which was brought about by the Family Planning Association of Pakistan (FPAP), that aimed to control the population outburst that persisted in Pakistan and was predicted to get worse. What is most amusing about this piece of information is the fact that it was not the government that stepped up to address this need, but instead was a Non-Governmental Organization that pioneered this progress. For this assignment the Non-Profit Organizations (NPO) will be defined as Ayesha Khan and Rabia Khan have defined them, institutions that are private, not profit oriented, self governing and voluntary and aim to bring about social change of some sort (Khan, Khan 3). The terms NPO and NGO will be used interchangeably. The family planning domain includes the policies of reproductive health, implying the ability to have a responsible, satisfying and safe sex life and having the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so (What is SRHR?). .
             Today, nearly 65% of the family planning services used are supplied by the private sector where the role of organizations like the Marie Stopes Society, Greenstar, and a new face of FPAP, "Rahnuma", increases every passing day. The introduction of the first population control initiative in Pakistan by an NGO with their goal-oriented behavior was proof enough that these institutions were to thrive in the welfare and development arena, especially in the case of population control policies. Even more so, it wasn't until three years after the formulation of FPAP that the government recognized the need of formalizing such a policy and then too collaborated with FPAP during Ayub Khan's First Five Year Plan of 1953 (Khan). A little later in the scene, the 70s and 80s decades came at a low time in Pakistan, where due to financial setbacks a lot of projects were halted; however the private sector emerged as a savior to the development projects and progress continued fueled from within the citizens themselves.

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