"Wuthering Heights" is a novel written by Emily Brontë in the Victorian Era, published in 1847. The influence of the Victorian Era is evident through the behaviors and lifestyles of its characters. From the time Heathcliff is unofficially adopted and brought into Wuthering Heights to the time Heathcliff obtains Wuthering Heights, he is constantly criticized and never completely accepted into the Earnshaw Family. Heathcliff is completely transformed through living at Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. He discovers true and undeniable love, and who he is, as well as the personalities of those who he lives with and around. Heathcliff's journey of transformation begins as a mangy orphan child.
Mr. Earnshaw gives Heathcliff the name of his previously deceased son, although he never receives the last name of Earnshaw. When Mr. Earnshaw brings in Heathcliff, Hindley and Catherine do not know how to respond to him. Heathcliff is often called "it". Nelly said that ". . . it only stared round, and repeated. . . some gibberish that nobody could understand.Mrs. Earnshaw was ready to fling it out of doors. . ." (Brontë 47) He is criticized for the way he looks and talks, as it is different from the way Catherine and Hindley are taught to speak. Nelly described his presence as having ". . . bred bad feeling in the house. . ." (45) As Heathcliff grows up with Catherine, they develop a strong bond.
Heathcliff and Catherine discover themselves as they grow up. They come to find out that they are more themselves when they're together playing on the Moors then they are anywhere else. When Hindley is away at school, it becomes easier for Heathcliff and Catherine to confide in each other. Upon Hindley's return to Wuthering Heights after his father's death, he is more harsh and demanding than ever and the relationship between Catherine and Heathcliff is altered greatly. Hindley commands that Heathcliff lives as a servant to him and the residents of Wuthering Heights.