Some Canadian citizens argue that globalization is a positive development because it will give rise to new industries and more jobs in developing countries. Others say globalization is negative in that it will force poorer countries of the world to do whatever the big developed countries tell them to do. Another viewpoint is that developed countries, such as Canada, are the ones who may lose out because they are involved in outsourcing many of the manufacturing jobs that used to be done by their own citizens. Thus, it is essential when we examine these arguments that we evaluate the impacts of globalization, more specifically in Canada. Therefore, in order to have a better understanding we will first discuss what exactly is globalization followed by an analysis of the question, does globalization promote democracy? Third, it is equally important to discuss globalization and anti-globalization in Canada. More specifically, in the last two sections of the paper we will pay particular attention to how globalization impacts the Canadian economy. Followed by the impacts globalization has on Canada and United States relations. Therefore, by the end of this paper we will have a clear concept of the true impacts of globalization in Canada.
To start, in this section we will define what exactly globalization is, then we will discuss the two potential implications globalization has for comparative politics. According to political scientists Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye it is essential to know the distinction between past globalization which was "relatively thin" and involved a limited amount of people. In comparison to today's globalization in which "global connections grow increasingly thick, creating an extensive and intensive web of relationships between many people across vast distances". More specifically in the book Essentials of Comparative Politics by Patrick O'Neil he defines globalization as "a system in which human beings are no longer part of isolated communities that are linked through narrow channels of diplomatic relations or trade.