Canada is located north of the United States and is the largest country in land size in the Western Hemisphere. Canada is a land of vast distances and rich natural resources. It has a population of about thirty-one million people. Canada is a bilingual country with English and French as the two official languages.
Canada has ten provinces and three territories.
Alberta Edmonton .
British Columbia Victoria.
New Brunswick Frederichton.
Newfoundland St. John.
Nova Scotia Halifax.
Ontario Toronto .
Prince Edward Island Charlottetown.
Quebec Quebec City.
The Canadian territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon Territory. Canada's national capital is Ottawa.
Canada's climate is very much influenced by latitude and topography. The Interior Lowlands allow polar air masses to move south and subtropical air masses to move north into Canada. The Hudson Bay and the Great Lakes help to modify the climate locally. Southern Canada has a temperate climate, with snow in the winter and cool summers. Extending to the timberline farther to the north, is the humid sub-arctic climate with short summers and snow cover for about half the year. On the Arctic Archipelago and the northern mainland is the tundra with permafrost. .
Canada's coastline is very long and irregular. The Hudson Bay and the Gulf of St. Lawrence indent the eastern coast and the Inside Passage is on the western coast. The Great Lakes are located partly in Canada but the largest lakes of North America, Great Bear, Great Slave, and Winnipegare, are entirely in Canada. Central Canada is drained by the Saskatchewan, Nelson, Churchill, and Mackenzie river systems while western Canada is drained by the Columbia, Fraser, and Yukon rivers. Canada's geologic structure is bowl-shaped rimmed by highlands and the Hudson Bay at the lowest point. .
Tourism and financial services are two of Canada's most important industries.