Christopher Columbus: A Short Biography.
Christopher Columbus is revered as one of the greatest explorers of the Age of Discovery. He is credited with discovering what is now America, although he never knew that. This report looks into the life of this great explorer, and his epic journey that changed the world and our lives. .
Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy, somewhere between August and October of 1451. His birth name was Cristoforo Colombo, Christopher Columbus being its English derivative. He was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a wool-worker and small-scale merchant, and his wife, Susanna Fontanarossa; he had two younger brothers, Bartholomew and Diego. He received little formal education and was a largely self-taught man, later learning to read Latin and write Castilian. .
Columbus life on the high seas began quite early. He made his first significant voyage in 1475, when he went to the Aegean island of Chios. His first shipwreck came in 1476, when his ship sunk off the Cape St. Vincent, but Columbus managed to swim ashore. After this, he moved to Lisbon, Portugal, where one of his younger brothers, Bartholomew, lived. Both worked as chartmakers, but Columbus was already dreaming of making a living at sea. So in 1477, Columbus sailed with the Portuguese marines to England, Ireland, and possibly Iceland. Columbus also bought sugar in Madeira for a Genoese firm.
Columbus got married in 1479 to Felipa Perestello e Moniz. Felipa was from a poor Portuguese family. In 1480, Columbus first son Diego was born. Felipa died in 1485, and Columbus struck another relationship, this time with Beatriz Enra quez de Harana of Cordoba. Columbus had his second son, Ferdinand, with Beatriz, although both of them were never married.
By the mid-1480's, Columbus had become focused on plans for discovery. His main goal was to discover a westward route to Asia. Columbus needed money for this, so in 1484, he turned to King John II of Portugal for help.