Today Im going to talk about George Orwell's book Nineteen Eighty-Four. At first Id like to give you some Information about the author:.
Eric Arthur Blair was born in 1903 in India, where his father worked for the Civil Service. He was educated at Eton, where he regularly contributed to the various college magazines. From 1922 to 1928 he served in Burma in the Indian Imperial Police, an experience that inspired his first novel, Burmese Days (1934). For the next two years he lived in Paris, and then came to England as a teacher. Later he worked in a bookshop. In 1943 he joined the staff of a newspaper and was sent to France and Germany as a special correspondent. He suffered very much from sickness and poverty during his life and died of tuberculosis in 1950.
George Orwell wrote several novels in the 1930s including Down and out in Paris and London, The Road to Wigan Pier, Homage to Catalonia and Coming up for Air.
As we heard in Dominik's speech, Animal Farm is perhaps the most famous work of George Orwell. 1984, written in 1949 had a similar success as Animal Farm.
Now about the book:.
1984 is a nightmare picture of life in totalitarian England as it might be in the next generation. The world is divided up into three states of Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia, each in a permanent state of war with the other. Britain is part of Oceania. It is governed by the Party which contends the following ministries: The Ministry of Peace which runs the war, the Ministry of Love which is the headquarters of the secret police, the Ministry of Plenty which deals in scarcities and the Ministry of Truth which handles propaganda. The Leader is Big Brother; his face looks down from every wall. Every word and action is seen and controlled by the state with the help of a kind of television that can watch people even in their homes. No one is allowed to criticize the party and also thought crime is punished by terrible torture and certain death.