Athletics have always brought out the competitive side of people; in today's society the will to win has been taken to a new level, to the point where athletes are using legal and illegal drugs to enhance their power and stamina. There are a number of drugs that can help enhance your performance but in this paper I will focus on anabolic androgen steroids, which are a derivation of testosterone (Yesalis xxiv). But many of the negative results that occur because of the use of steroids are similar to those of other drugs. The number of positive steroid test at Olympic events appears to be falling; the high level of anabolic steroids usage by bodybuilders and weightlifters and by teens is still shockingly high. Therefore I will be concentrating on the use and effects of steroids on bodybuilders and weightlifters. .
An Athlete's definition of heath includes a number of qualities; the first is not being sick and the absence of injury. But the main and most important part of being healthy to them is being able to carry out a routine practice or a work out. Their quality of life is very similar to how they define health. The most important thing to athletes, those using drugs especially, is being muscular being the best at their sport, and being in the best shape possible. Wellness would be an athlete's perception of their health. If their health is good then according to them their wellness is good. Such is the same for the opposite. Exercise on the other hand is an athletes training, which is done usually for a 1 1/2 to 2 hours, six days a week. Usually their work out is a combination of aerobic and anaerobic exercise.
Nutrition as you can imagine plays a very important role to an athlete's performance. Most athletes follow the recommended low fat, high complex carbohydrate diet. The athlete also follows a different regimen during different periods of their schedule. For example nutrition for an athlete during training might include high carbohydrates (60-70% of total calorie intake), low fat, low protein content, low salt and minimal bulk foods and an adequate fluid availability.