Commentary of Macbeth: Act 1, Scene 7.
Act 1, Scene 7 of Shakespeare's play Macbeth, is a very significant part of the play. During this scene Macbeth debates with himself as whether he should or should not kill King Duncan. However, Macbeth is not making this decision purely on his own but with the influence and persuasion of his ambitious wife, Lady Macbeth. .
Macbeth's confusion over the assassination of Duncan, is revealed through the repetitious language of the opening quote, " if it were done, when "tis done, then "twere well". What puzzle's Macbeth is the consequences of what will arise if he proceeds with the murder, and whether judgment will await him in this life and the life to come. These thoughts are expressed through lines 7-10, when Macbeth states, " but in these cases we still have judgment her, that we but teach bloody instructions that being taught return to plague the inventor". .
Macbeth is aware of the imbalance of the proposed murder, and this is shown throughout lines 12-16, as Macbeth is Duncan's relative, subject and host, yet he is to be his killer. Therefore, leaving Macbeth train of thoughts unresolved. .
More doubt fills Macbeth's mind as he compares his ability to be king, to the admirable and virtuous ways displayed by King Duncan. The following quote supports this, " he hath born his facilities so meek, hath been so clear in his great office". The final section of the speech refers to heavens day of judgment, in relation to Macbeth's thoughts, that Duncan's qualities will plead against his murder, as will the supernatural beings of the heavens. These thoughts are expressed when Macbeth states, that " that his virtues will plead like angels, trumpet tongued against the deep damnation of his taking off, and pity like a naked new-born babe, striding the blast, or heavens cherubim horsed upon the sightless couriers of the air". Lastly Macbeth argues that he has no motive to kill his king, but only to satisfy "vaulting ambition".