Animal Farm is a remarkable novel written by the renowned writer, George Orwell. Known for his novels on critiquing political oppression, Orwell wrote Animal Farm in reference to the events leading up to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia of 1917. Animal Farm is a send-up that uses its characters to symbolize leaders of the Russian Revolution. There is a substantial amount of conflicts that occur in this satirical story. Just like the historical Russian Revolution, the animals feel rebelled against and overwhelmed the wealthy and powerful class of capitalists and aristocrats, in this case the farmer, Mr. Jones. The major conflicts in the novel include the animals versus Mr. Jones, Snowball versus Napoleon and the common animals versus the pigs.
Mr. Jones is an often drunk farmer who runs the Manor Farm before the animals stage their rebellion and rename it Animal Farm. He often indulges himself while his animals lack food, leading up to the most significant conflict in the novel, Mr. Jones versus the animals. When Old Major dies three nights after he told the animals his dream of rebellion, three younger pigs " Snowball, Napoleon, and Squealer "put together his main principles into a philosophy called Animalism. Then late one night the animals succeed in running out Mr. Jones off the land. This greatly resembles the abdication of Czar Nicholas II, the monarch of Russia. He was forced to abdicate a 300 year rule by the Bolsheviks. The rebellion of the animals is a key element in the story because it lets the reader understand the necessity of a fair system of government. The whole story revolves around the rebellion and how the minds of the revolutionaries change when new conflicts are present. Animal Farm is a great novel that clearly demonstrates the tendencies of reestablishing class structures even in societies that allegedly stand for total equality. The expulsion of Mr. Jones creates a new power struggle, and it is only so long until a new totalitarian government is established.