Introduction: The Father of Evolution .
THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION IS THE KEY THAT HAS UNLOCKED MANY .
OF THE SECRETS OF THE HISTORY OF LIFE ON EARTH. IT IS THE .
CORNERSTONE OF THE FOUNDATION UPON WHICH THE NATURAL .
SCIENCES ARE BUILT. CHARLES DARWIN IS CONSIDERED THE FATHER, .
AND THE MOST IMPORTANT FIGURE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE .
EVOLUTIONARY THEORY .
Darwin: Early stages of life.
Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury England to a .
wealthy and sophisticated family with a background of scientific excellence. His .
paternal grandfather was a well known physician Erasmus Darwin who .
formulated one of the first formal theories on evolution in his work Zoomania in .
which he discussed ideas that Charles would elaborate on some 60 years later. .
Darwin originally intended to follow in the footsteps of his grandfather and studied .
medicine at the University of Edinburgh, but after 2 years dropped out to enroll at .
the University of Cambridge, in preparation for becoming a clergyman of the .
Church of England. It is there that Darwin met the most influential figures in his .
education: Adam Sedgwick, a geologist, and John Stevens Henslow, a naturalist. .
These men helped to build his confidence and taught him to observe the natural .
world. These 2 men were not the only mentors for Darwin though. Many other .
people influenced Darwin's intellectual development, including the philosopher of .
science and scientist William Whewell.
Aboard the HMS Beagle: Darwin's extensive research.
At the age of 22, on December 27, 1831, Darwin boarded the HMS Beagle, .
lead by Captain Robert FitzRoy, as an unpaid naturalist by recommendation of .
John Henslow, to study the Pacific coast of South American and some Pacific .
islands as well as to set up navigational stations in the area. On this trip is where .
Darwin began some of his most important research to write his first publications. .
The Galapagos Islands, were probably the scene of Darwin's most important .