The Torah is a religious book composed of the first five books of the bible. Those five books are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These books are mainly about the different covenants God had made with different people such as Abraham and Moses, and in outlines the six hundred and thirteen commandments god gave to Moses on Mt. Sinai. In today's society many of these concepts still play a roll in social and moral thoughts and actions in the United States.
The two main covenants God made were with Abraham and Moses. With the exception of three parts of the covenant none of the rules are still practiced today. The three parts, two from the covenant with Moses and one from Abraham, are stay pure, obey the six hundred and thirteen commandments, and males eight days old are to be circumcised. They do still partially follow a few of the others such as a living unique way of life. .
Of all of the six hundred and thirteen commandments the first ten are the most-well known and the most closely followed. They are 1. Have no other Gods. 2. Do not use the lord's name in vein. 3. Remember the Sabbath. 4. Honor thy mother and father. 5. Do not murder. 6. Do not commit adultery. 7. Do not steal. 8. You shall not bear false witness. 9.You shall not covet your neighbor's house. 10. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. These are for the most part very closely followed and a few of them are laws. These have effected the way people think and act in society very much. .
One of the most commonly referred to verses in the bible is in Deuteronomy chapter nineteen verse 21, "Show no pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot." Many people in today's society believe that this would be the best method for punishing people. If someone kills another person they should be killed. If someone shoots another person in the hand they should be shot in the hand.
This contradicts what some other parts of the bible say but this is one of the most controversial ideas that the bible has in it.