Sir Isaac Newton was born on Christmas day of 1642, in Woolsthorpe, England. As a lad, Newton showed extraordinary signs of intelligence. He was always reading books to expand his knowledge. He studied for five years at the University of Cambridge, and with the help of a common red fruit and Galileo; Sir Isaac formulated the three fundamental laws of motion. All of the following examples neglect friction and air resistance.
Newton's first law of motion is the law of inertia, which states that a body at rest or motion tends to stay at rest or motion. Suppose a car, going 30 M.P.H., hits a pole. The driver would be ejected out the windshield, because his body would want to stay in motion. If that same car were to take a turn to quickly and loose traction, it would continue in the same direction it was going. Before this guy did all the stupid stuff I just said, he set a mug of coffee on the top of his car, while he put air in his tires at the air pump. He then got in his car and drove away, forgetting about the mug. When he finally realized he forgot it, he pulled over to get it, but it was gone. He went back to the air pump to find his shattered mug on the ground. This crazy man later decides to go bowling, so he puts a bowling ball in the hatch of his car. He peels out, because he is late and hears a shatter. The man pulls over and sees a bowling ball sized hole in the back windshield. What an idiot!.
Newton's second law of motion is the law of force and acceleration, which can be summed up by the equation F=MA. The acceleration that is produced is dependent on the mass. If I pushed a bike up a hill, I would get more acceleration than if I pushed a car up a hill of equal size. Suppose I have two identical corvettes. Jeff Gordon drives one, and a 500 lb. Fat man drives the other. The fat man's would have a slower acceleration, because his mass is greater. Two rockets, accelerating at 500 (m/s)/s, shot up in the air.