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Russian Revolution

            Before a revolution occurs a number of preconditions are often necessary. Consider this statement regarding the situation in Russia and, in doing so, comment on the attitudes of Lenin and of the Germans to events in Russia in 1917, the main reasons for the collapse of the Tsarist regime in Russia in 1917 and the role played by Lenin and the Bolsheviks in the revolutions in Russia in 1917.
             Lenin's attitudes to the events of Russia in 1917 were of eagerness to get back to Russia. His fertile mind was developing plans by which he would be able to develop plans by which he would be able to develop a new republic now the 300 year monarchy had ended.
             Germany's attitudes were of hope, like Lenin's, but for different reasons. Germany believed that revolution was disaster to a country and by allowing Lenin and his compatriots to return they were helping to spreading Revolution. Germany had this attitude of hope and expectancy because, by allowing people such as Lenin back to Russia, they could expect an end to the war with Russia and therefore fight only one front instead of two.
             They are both long term and short term factors which resulted in the spontaneous overthrow of the Tsarist monarch in 1917. When Tsar Nicholas the II abdicated from the throne, Russia was in turmoil, set against the backdrop of wide social disorder and economic corruption and inefficiency. The ineffective and corrupt rule by the Tsars in the 19th Century created this backdrop and served as a stimulus for further discontent. The rapid industrialisation in the late 19th Century, both created harsh conditions in Russia and provided a large number of discontented urban workers. It is because of this that the Bolsheviks were able to spread their revolutionary ideas. The defeat in the Russo-Japanese War and the failure of the Duma to control Nicholas" inefficient rule both created misery amongst the Russian people. The long term causes that continually festered the conditions of the people only needed a spark to ignite the revolution.

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