Hamlet is a play written by William Shakespeare that very .
closely follows the dramatic conventions of revenge in Elizabethan .
theater. All revenge tragedies originally stemmed from the Greeks, who .
wrote and performed the first plays. After the Greeks came Seneca who .
was very influential to all Elizabethan tragedy writers. Seneca who .
was Roman, basically set all of the ideas and the norms for all .
revenge play writers in the Renaissance era including William .
Shakespeare. The two most famous English revenge tragedies written in .
the Elizabethan era were Hamlet, written by Shakespeare and The .
Spanish Tragedy, written by Thomas Kyd. These two plays used mostly .
all of the Elizabethan conventions for revenge tragedies in their .
plays. Hamlet especially incorporated all revenge conventions in one .
way or another, which truly made Hamlet a typical revenge play. .
"Shakespeare's Hamlet is one of many heroes of the Elizabethan and .
Jacobean stage who finds himself grievously wronged by a powerful .
figure, with no recourse to the law, and with a crime against his .
family to avenge." .
Seneca was among the greatest authors of classical tragedies .
and there was not one educated Elizabethan who was unaware of him or .
his plays. There were certain stylistic and different strategically .
thought out devices that Elizabethan playwrights including Shakespeare .
learned and used from Seneca's great tragedies. The five act .
structure, the appearance of some kind of ghost, the one line .
exchanges known as stichomythia, and Seneca's use of long rhetorical .
speeches were all later used in tragedies by Elizabethan playwrights. .
Some of Seneca's ideas were originally taken from the Greeks when the .
Romans conquered Greece, and with it they took home many Greek .
theatrical ideas. Some of Seneca's stories that originated from the .
Greeks like Agamemnon and Thyestes which dealt with bloody family .
histories and revenge captivated the Elizabethans.