The American (federal) system of government.
The American system of government could be a complicated subject. The U.S. government consists of three branches the Executive, Legislative, and the Judicial Branch. With these branches running our government there are many tasks that each must carryout. The main components of them are the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court.
The Constitution seems to supply the President with quite a few powers, yet the other branches prevent him/her from becoming too strong. The President has the power to enforce laws and even make treaties. While the President is trying to enforce a law the Supreme Court could review the law, and possibly find something unconstitutional within it. After finding that, the Supreme Court may declare the whole law unconstitutional, and the President couldn't enforce that law any longer. The Supreme Court may also rule against an executive act. The President has the power to appoint officials and Supreme Court judges. The commander-in-chief of the U.S. Army and Navy along with the state militia is the President. The Congress is able to shelve bills proposed by the President, override vetoes, and even impeach the President. Congress also has the power to refuse the confirmation of any appointments and even to ratify treaties. As all of this shows many people have control over the President's actions.
The Legislative Branch of the government has many powers, but the other branches seem to keep it from being too strong. There are many powers that Congress can carry out as the Legislative Branch. First of all, the Congress can pass laws and is able to approve treaties and appointments. They also maintain the navy and monitor the calling of the militia. This branch collects taxes and uses the money to pay off debts that the United States has accumulated. The borrowing and coining of money also happens in this branch along with the regulation of all trading.