The word "discipline is derived from the Greek word "disciple or the root word "disciplinare, and suggests education, instruction, teaching and training. Discipline teaches children "age appropriate behavior and self control." A lack of discipline leads to behavioral problems, but conversely, too much discipline may lead to resentment and cause one unfavorable behavior followed by another (Leung, Robson, Lim, 1992). To discipline a child is to teach and show them what is acceptable behavior and what is not. It is to set limits but not to oppress the development of the child. Limits are established to protect children from harm and to keep them from harming themselves, others, or property.
There are several different methods and strategies parents can use to discipline a child, but all share the same basic goals: helping the child to achieve competence, self-control, and self-direction (Howard,1996). Successful discipline promotes age appropriate behavior that is socially acceptable and promotes respect for others as well. Exploring the various methods of achieving these goals will aid in a better understanding of ways to guide a child and encourage parents