The History of travel and tourism-Post World War .
This report is based on the history of travel and tourism after World War Two and will explore the reasons for the rapid development of this industry. .
1 Changing Socio-economic circumstances.
1.1 Increasing car ownership.
In 1950 there were 2.3 million cars on the roads now there are around 23 million with 70%1 of households one or more cars. This gives them a lot of leeway in travel arrangements giving them easy access to other areas of Britain. So now areas that were not accessible in 1950 by train or bus routes are now available to the average family in modern Britain.
Modes of land transport used by tourists.
Year Car % Train % Coach/bus %.
1951 28 48 28.
1961 49 28 23.
1971 63 10 17.
1981 72 12 12.
1991 78 6 12.
1998 71 7 14.
From the table above you can see how in land transport the private car is the main mode of travel used by UK tourists and visitors to Britain.
1.2 More leisure time .
From 1950 onwards life has been getting easier for the average person. It all started in 1938 with the Holidays with pay act (paid holidays for all workers) and now the average amount of holiday time we get is increasing year by year. Since more people are having holiday time paid, there will be more chance of them using the tourism utilising business associated with tourism. .
In the spider diagram below you can see the contributing factors are providing more leisure time.
YEAR HOLIDAY TIME PEOPLE ALLOWED HOLIDAYS.
1951 2 weeks 66% of population.
1970 3 or more weeks 52% of population.
2000 At least 4 weeks 94% of population.
1.3 Higher income levels.
There has been a trend in Britain showing disposable income rising over 55% between 1971 and 1996. This has resulted in increased expenditure on leisure activities, including travel and tourism.
2 Technological developments.
The Second World War started the building of machinery in enormous proportions and near the end of the war the most common machine built were the bombers that were used to blitz German cities now what has this got to do with tourism you think.