The Egyptiansâ€™ civilization was based on religion where their beliefs were very important. They believed in polytheism, which was the belief in many deities. They worshipped as many as two-thousand gods and goddesses. Some gods were worshipped locally, others were worshipped nationally. Some of the various gods were part human and part animal. The god Horus had the head of a hawk and a body of a human. Bulls, cats, and crocodiles were considered very holy. The chief, immortal gods of the Egyptians were Aman-Ra, which was the sun god and lord of the universe, the other was Osiris which was the god of the underworld. Osiris was not an evil god, he actually made afterlife peaceful.
A â€œbibleâ€ was created in 1240 B.C. called the â€œBook of the Dead.â€ The people of this time spent more time preparing for the survival in the next world (death) than in this world. They spent massive amounts of time and money on this task. Death was known as a transitional stage to a better life. They have three souls; the â€œKaâ€, the â€œBaâ€, and the â€œAkh.â€ .
They have their own version of how the world began. At first, the world was an ocean in darkness. A mound of dry land rose up and the sun god â€œReâ€ appeared. He created light and all things.
The Egyptians made temples for gods to dwell in. They build a temple in each city for the god of that city. .
Priests cared for the temples, attended to the needs of the people, were advisors, and were in charge of the funerals. They were basically the authority. Egyptians didnâ€™t second guess the priestâ€™s answers to the questions they asked.
The Egyptians had a few superstitions that affected their lives. First were the cat superstitions. When a rich personâ€™s cat died, they were immediately mummified elaborately with ribbons and dye. The body was placed in a bronze box with a bronze statue of the cat on top.