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Thomas Jefferson

             My research report is on Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States. He was born on April 13, 1743. He died on July 4th, 1826. Thomas Jefferson is best known as the author of the Declaration of Independence.
             In the thick of party conflict in 1800, Thomas Jefferson wrote in a private letter, " I have sworn upon the altar of god eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.".
             This powerful advocate of liberty was born in 1743 in Albemarle Country, Virginia, inheriting from his father, a planter and surveyor, some 5,000 acres of land, and from his mother, a Randolph, high social standing. He studied at the college of William and Mary. In 1772 he married Martha Wayless Skelton, a widow, and took her to live in his partly constructed mountaintop home, Monticello.
             Freckled and sandy-haired, rather tall and awkward, Jefferson was eloquent as a correspondent, but he was no public speaker. In the Virginia House of Burgesses and the continental congress, he contributed his pen rather than his voice to the patriot cause. As the "Silent Member" of the congress, Jefferson, at 33, drafted the Declaration of Independence. In years following he labored to make his words a reality in Virginia. Most notably, he wrote a bill establishing religious freedom, enacted in 1786.
             Jefferson succeeds Benjamin Franklin as minister to France in 1785. His sympathy for the French revolution led him into conflict with Alexander Hamilton when Jefferson was secretary of state in president Washington's cabinet. He resigned in 1793.
             Sharp political conflict developed, and two separate parties, the federalists and the democratic- republicans, began to form. Jefferson gradually assumed leadership of the republicans, who sympathized with the revolutionary cause in France.

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