Engineering is the application of scientific facts and experimentation to invent and improve machines, systems and processes. Engineering encompasses a wide variety of fields like; Aeronautical engineering, Chemical engineering, Civil engineering, Computer engineering, Electrical engineering, Mechanical engineering and many more. A majority of these fields are guarded by a Code of Ethics so that the profession of engineering is used to defend the interests of the society, the clients and the profession. A code of ethics is necessary because every engineer is a potential scientist and by default a great asset to the society and yields the powerful weapons of knowledge and practical application ability. Engineering codes of ethics are a preliminary point for any conversation of engineering principles in the U.S. and other countries. This paper will scrutinize code of ethics of most important American organizations and technical societies and carry out analysis on important terms relating to issues such as protecting the public well-being and safety, performing services only in areas of proficiency, reliability, conflicts of attention and other significant issues. .
This paper will review and discuss the codes of ethics of the following U.S. engineering and technical societies:.
- American Society of Civil Engineers.
- National Society of Professional Engineers.
- American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
- American Institute for conservation.
History of Code of Ethics in American Technical Societies.
The first resident engineering association in the United States, the Boston Society of Civil Engineers, was founded in 1848. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) was founded four years later. Despite the fact that the first privileged heads of these associations often referred to the elevated quality and genuine engineers needed to provide the welfare of others devoted to them, the account of codes of ethics in reality starts after half a century later.