This paper is aimed to address the different forms of cyberbullying, who cyberbullying typically affects, the impacts of cyberbullying on victims, and the prevention methods against cyberbullying. Cyberbullying is defined as bullying through electronic means, such as instant messaging, through the Internet, on social web sites, through text messaging, and through phone calls. Also, there are various forms of cyberbullying, such as cyberstalking, impersonation, and harassment. There are differences not only between the occurrences of cyberbullying between males and females, but also in ways that males and females cyberbully. It can also be based upon a person's race, religion, body image, disability, and sexual orientation. Cyberbullying is a crucial problem in today's society, and the aftermath of it can become fatal. It is becoming more aggressive than public bullying, and, as technology advances, it is becoming much more common. When someone in middle school, high school, or even college is cyberbullied, they are afraid to tell one of their parents or teachers out of fear that nothing will be done about it and the bullying will just get worse. There are several ways in which cyberbullying can be prevented, and ways in which parents, teachers, and even bystanders and witnesses of it can intervene once it has occurred.
Keywords: Cyber bullying, Cybercrime, Bullying.
Cyberbullying: What Happened to the Golden Rule?.
In 2005, over 77 million children were accessing the Internet. Around 94% of teenagers were using the Internet, and 85% were using some form of electronic communication (Ahlfors, 2010). Bullying is not a new phenomenon in today's society; however, with the technological advances in recent years, it has spread into cyberspace. Cyberbully is defined as "willful and repeated harm done through the medium of electronic text" (Siegel & Worrall, 2014). Since cyberbullying can be achieved through several different sources, such as instant messaging, the Internet, social sites, text messaging, e-mailing, and phone calls, face-to-face contact can be easily avoided (Morgan, 2013).