In twentieth century Europe a lot of peace treaties were signed, such as treaty of Sten Stefanov, treaty of Versailes, and Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. However, the treaty of Brest-Litovsk had huge consequences upon Russia and very important results since Vienna Connvention treaty. During the First World War on March 1918 the peace treaty was signed between Russia (Bolshevik Central Committee) and Central Powers (Germany, Austria- Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey) where the Germany had heading role in the Brest- Litovsk. This treaty ended Russia's involvement in the First World War ("Brest-Litovsk, Treaty Of." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). However, this treaty is important because Russia lost important parts of its territory and the concept of self-determination started to be used. In addition, the concept of self-determination still impacts our own time. .
At the time when Bolsheviks took the power in Russia during the Revolution of 1917, the nation was still occupied with the First World War. There was a critical need for the new regime and to escape from the war. An agreement was made to be followed by a peace conference ("The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk." History Today par. 2). The meeting was opened in December 1917 in the town of Brest Litovsk in the former Poland (now Belarus) where the Germans had their main office ("The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk." History Today par. 2). In this treaty Russia was conducted by Trotsky, and Germany and Austria were held by Richard von Kühlmann and Ottakar Czernin. Also, Max Hoffman had very important role in Germany. The Ottoman Empire was guided by Talat Pasha ("The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk." par. 2). .
In the revolution of 1917 the left Socialites Revolutionaries formed the government and had more support than Bolsheviks, wanted to appeal to Russian people by becoming free fighters against aggressors. They considered this as the most ideal method of causing communist revolution in the West.