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            The domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country is known as imperialism. Imperialism occurred throughout Africa, china, Latin America, and India. Cultural beliefs were a large impact of the imperialism of India and Latin America. There was also a large industrial impact on Africa, and china, which was a branch off of imperialism. This "new imperialism" was obvious between 1870 and 1914. The industrial revolution, which preceded this new imperialism, allowed stronger economics to arise. There was aggressive expansion during this time period, although it was most abundant in Africa and Asia.
             There were two main problems that led India to British control. They were military inferiority and a lack of unity. This was proven by the apparent 200 different languages, the existence of the cast system, 2 distinct religions, and 600 independent states. Britain was able to gain control by the help of three major factors. They were the British East India company, Sepoy Mutiny, and India; the jewel of Britain. The British East India Company was a trading company. At one time the company was the leading power in India. The company ruled India with very little interference from the British government. The Sepoy Mutiny was a rebellion of Indian soldiers who were staffed on the army of the British East Indian Company. This mutiny set up a protectorate, and eventually Queen Victoria became the first empress of India, after only visiting India once in her lifetime. India was known as the jewel of Britain, simply because of the trade and natural resources. Some of which included jute, tea, ivory, silks, textiles, iron, and steel.
             There were three important reasons that imperialism occurred in Latin America, and how it affected the culture. They were the response from the United States, the Spanish American War, and the Panama Canal. The response from the United States included the Monroe Doctrine (1823) which simply stated the Western Hemisphere was closed to any future European colonization, and the United States would have full control of developments.

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