The Buddha was born Siddhartha Gautama, a prince of the Sakya tribe of Nepal, in approximately 566 BC. When he was twenty-nine years old, he left the comforts of his home to seek the meaning of the suffering he saw around him. After six years of arduous yogic training, he abandoned the way of self-mortification and instead sat in mindful meditation beneath a bodhi tree. .
On the full moon of May, with the rising of the morning star, Siddhartha Gautama became the Buddha, the enlightened one. .
Key Beliefs .
The Eightfold Path.
These two are referred to as prajña, or wisdom.
1. Right view is the true understanding of the four noble truths. .
2. Right aspiration is the true desire to free oneself from attachment, ignorance, and hatefulness.
These three are referred to as shila, or morality. .
3. Right speech involves abstaining from lying, gossiping, or hurtful talk.
4. Right action involves abstaining from hurtful behaviors, such as killing, stealing, and careless sex.
5. Right livelihood means making your living in such a way as to avoid .
Dishonesty and hurting others, including animals. .
6. Right effort is a matter of exerting oneself in regards to the content of one's mind: Bad qualities should be abandoned and prevented from arising again; Good qualities should be enacted and nurtured. .
7. Right mindfulness is the focusing of one's attention on one's body, feelings, thoughts, and consciousness in such a way as to overcome craving, hatred, and ignorance. .
8. Right concentration is meditating in such a way as to progressively realize a true understanding of imperfection, impermanence, and non-separateness. .
The last three are known as samadhi, or meditation.
The Buddha's believe life is suffering, suffering is due to attachment, attachment can be overcome, there is a path for accomplishing this.
The organization or hierarchy consists of monks and temples all over the world, monks are the teachers or decibels of Buddhism.