Human relationships have always been dynamic.
adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passage of time for human .
society. Systems have been developed to regulate, direct and control .
the resources of this society. The systems are referred to as .
governments and the resources as the populace or inhabitants and forces .
of production. A government must be dynamic in its nature reflecting the .
change in society. At times these systems have resisted the necessity .
to adapt with its components (Society) creating a deficit between the .
system and those it regulates. As the deficits develop, they cause .
instability, and could lead to revolution.1.
Theories have been developed to explain the systemic phenomenon .
called revolution. This paper will discuss three modern theories and .
apply them to the English revolution of 1640. The first theory, .
developed by Carl Marx (Marxism), will address the economic evolution in .
English society. This theory will emphasize and explain how the shift .
from a feudal/mercantile system to capitalism affected English society. .
The second, called the Resource Mobilization Theory (RMT) developed by .
Charles Tilly, will explain how the English organizations (the Crown and .
the Parliament) effectively obtained, amassed and managed resources. .
Samuel Huntington's, "Institutional Theory", will argue that the .
existing government at that time was unable to incorporate the demands .
and personnel that the socio-economic changes created.
Marxism was formulated in the 19th century. Carl Marx and his .
associate Frederick Engels observed the socio-economic changes that were .
transpiring in Britain. England was the dominant world power and had .
the largest industrialized economy during the 1800's. The development .
of the factory and the institution of the assembly line created a large .
demand for workers. This demand was satiated by migrating peasant from .
the rural areas in England and Ireland to developing urban centers.