Tapestry is one of the oldest forms of woven textiles. The word tapestry is defined as a thick textile fabric, in which colored weft threads are woven (originally by hand) into fixed warp threads to form pictures or designs. To give a brief description on how tapestries are woven, the weft threads do not weave between the warp threads all the way across the fabric, but are woven only as far as the particular color is required to produce the integral design. The detail is determined by the closeness of the warp threads; the closer together and finer the threads, the more detail can be worked into the cloth.
The unique tapestry technique should not be confused with embroidery, where a needle is used to stitch a design onto the surface of a fabric. The design of a tapestry is created as the wavier copies from a cartoon (drawing or painting). The early cartoons were sketches, and it was quite common for the weavers to add their own artistic expressions giving each tapestry it's own individuality. By the Renaissance period, the cartoons were very sophisticated, drawn or painted in great detail with specific instruction to the weaver about colors and tones to be used.
The Latin name for tapestry is tapetium, taken from the Greeks. .
The earliest written records of woven cloth appear in the biblical text Exodus, Chapter 26, and it is assumed that the woven fabric referred to was a .
tapestry-type. Egyptian tomb paintings from 3000 b.c. clearly depict weavers working on a tapestry-type loom, and vase illustrations by the Greeks dating .
back to 500 b.c. show women weavers working at looms. The Greeks regarded tapestry as an important aspect of interior designs for affluent homes and civic buildings. The walls of Parthenon were covered in tapestries. The Romans also valued tapestries, having not woven any themselves, but there is evidence that .