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compare and contrast: pshycolo

            Comparing and Contrasting Personality Theories.
             Since the beginning of psychology, psychologists have been exploring methods of psychology. There will always be problems with the mind so there will always be the need for new techniques. Every psychologist has to decide what method of psychology he or she will practice. There are a variety of methods and even though they all differ; there are a lot of similarities. .
             Sigmund Freud founded the Psychodynamic theory often known as psychodynamics. Psychodynamics emphasizes discovering a persons unconscious thoughts and bringing them to awareness. These thoughts are usually from the person's childhood and play a large role in determining both normal and abnormal behavior. This usually, mom never hugged me or daddy never told me he loved me. The main goal is to bring these feelings out of the subconscious so the patient can deal with the problem. The views of human nature according to the Freudians are: Highly deterministic, pessimistic, maintain balance more than having the urge to grow, and the past shapes the present. Non-Freudians believe that patients are more optimistic, less deterministic, and motivated to grow over maintaining balance. Non-Freudians also experience more stress on the interpersonal relationship between patient and therapist. In psychodynamics today, therapy has become more interactive between the therapist and the patient. Over the years the psychodynamic field has adapted and is constantly changing. Lastly, today there is more of a focus on current problems rather than childhood problems.
             Trait theorists believe the largest determinants of personality are the traits that one is born with. A trait is defined as a unique characteristic of a person. Gordon Allport came up with a way to categorizing traits. He came up with a theory that there were two basic traits, common traits and traits. All traits are unique to the individual in mind and study individuals on a personal level to determine their personality.

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