SATIRE AND IRONY:.
IN A ROOM WITH A VIEW by E.
From: The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.2001 and Bartleby.com.
SATIRE: A term applied to any work of literature or art whose objective is ridicule. It is more easily recognized than defined. From ancient times satirists have shared a common aim: to expose foolishness in all its guises "vanity, hypocrisy, pedantry, idolatry, bigotry, sentimentality "and to effect reform through such exposure. The many diverse forms their statements have taken reflect the origin of the word satire, which is derived from the Latin satura, meaning "dish of mixed fruits,"" hence a medley. .
IRONY: The figure of speech in which what is stated is not what is meant. The user of irony assumes that his reader or listener understands the concealed meaning of his statement. Perhaps the simplest form of irony is rhetorical irony, when, for effect, a speaker says the direct opposite of what she means. Thus, in Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, when Mark Antony refers in his funeral oration to Brutus and his fellow assassins as "honorable men- he is really saying that they are totally dishonorable and not to be trusted. Dramatic irony occurs in a play when the audience knows facts of which the characters in the play are ignorant. The most sustained example of dramatic irony is undoubtedly Sophocles' Oedipus Rex, in which Oedipus searches to find the murderer of the former king of Thebes, only to discover that it is himself, a fact the audience has known all along.
1. In chapter one, Forster describes the Pension Bertolini as being too much like an English boardinghouse. He is mocking the silliness of English travelers that desire to experience new things and consider themselves worldly, only to shut themselves within a drawing room none different than those from whence they escaped.