Alexander Hamilton wanted to help the ratification of the "new" Constitution, in 1787, so he decided that he would write and publish articles in order to explain the concepts of this Constitution. James Madison and John Jay were two other contributors that Hamilton added to help defend the new Constitution by writing articles as well. Although they are not part of the Constitution or legal documents, The Federalists Papers gained much popularity in the midst of the ratification of the Constitution. However, the ratification occurred with a small influence from these arguments. These Papers have been very important in American history because of the vital and genuine explanation of the Constitution. The Publius, pseudonym for the writers, describes certain concepts that were considered very crucial to the government. These concepts consisted of human lives, interests, federalism, and separation of powers. The Federalist Papers are best interpreted and understood through a republican argument and republican guidelines than those of democracy or other conflicting views.
What are the concepts of a republic or republican argument? The Federalist No. 39 goes on to define the concept of a republic as a "government which derives all its power directly or indirectly from the great body of people, and is administered by persons holding their offices during pleasure, for a limited period, or during good behavior." This same paper goes on to say "it is sufficient for such a government that the persons administering it be appointed, either directly or indirectly, by the people; and that they hold their appointments by either of tenures just specified" (Madison No. 39). These are some of the specific arguments made by Madison in a republican mannerism. No. 39 also describes how many officials in the government are to be elected in a republics as well as their duration. Another example of the "republic" idea throughout the Papers is seen as a contrast between a democratic government and a republic, in No.