The term India Is used to refer to the entire subcontinent, an area encompassing the modern nations of Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. Indo-Europeans called Aryans migrated into India. The subcontinent comprises two other major geographical regions. In the north is the great plain (which came to be known as Hindustan after the Muslim invasion), extending from the Indus Valley to the Bay of Bengal. South of this great plain is the Deccan (Southland). It is in Western Hindustan, now part of the state of Pakistan, that Indiaâ€™s earliest civilization arose. Sind from Sindhu meaning â€œriverâ€ and the origin terms Hindu and India). The economy of the Indus civilization like that of the Mesopotamian and Egypt, was based on irrigation farming. Copper and Bronze were used for tools and weapons, but the rarity of weapon suggest that warfare was uncommon. Evidence of active trade contacts with Mesopotamia, some of 1500 Miles to the west, as early as 2300 B.C.E. (time of Sargon of Akkad). Aryan Immigration and the early Vedic Age, 1500-100 B.C.E. Aryas called themselves Noble People. The Aryans were basically a pastoral people who counted their wealth by cattle. Dasas: Savages- Term that later is known as slaves. Veda: â€œKnowledgeâ€, a reference to the Brahmins knowing all the hymns by memory. By about 1000 B.C.E. area conquered known as Kuruk Shetra, this era have been a golden age for the Brahmins and their Vedic religion. 527 (447) B.C.E. Death of Mahavira. The Jains, defender of all being. About same time that Mahavira lived, Buddhism arose in northern India. Buddhism has some similarities to Jainism. The word Buddha is basically someone who has awaken from sleep. The man who became The Buddha was born Siddhartha Gautama. He studied Meditation for two years. He renounce his wealth and position, forsaking his wife and child. .
Hindu Epics: Mahabharata. Indian through art would have a profound effect on the Western world.