After the Constitutional Convention, some people greatly anticipated the Constitution's ratification; others however, feared the Constitution and doubted its success. Antifederalists, people who were opposed to the adoption of the Constitution, feared that the national government would become so powerful that it would eventually destroy the state governments. Also, they dreaded that the executive branch would become a monarchy and the president would become a king. The Federalists - people who were in support of the Constitution - tried to counter these arguments in The Federalist - a series of 85 articles written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison. In Federalist No. 37, James Madison stated, "It is impossible for the man of pious reflection not to perceive in it [the Constitution] a finger of that almighty hand which has been so frequently and signally extended to our relief in the critical stages of the revolution." As one can probably imagine, the Antifederalists and the Federalists had to make a compromise in order for the Constitution to succeed - the Bill of Rights compromise. The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments of the Constitution; they protected the individual rights and freedoms of United States citizens. Some of these rights and freedoms are outlined in the Preamble. Because the federal government's actions insure domestic tranquility and secure the blessings of liberty, it has met and exceeded the goals of the Preamble of the United States Constitution.
One particular goal in the Preamble is the clause to "secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity." The blessings of liberty are clearly outlined in the First Amendment: "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assembly, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.