A nuclear weapon is any explosive device that gets its power from the fission of atoms, it may be a bomb, a shell, a rocket, a guided missile or any other weapon which uses nuclear fission as its destructive power. There are two types of nuclear weapons; the Strategic and the Theater (Tactical) nuclear weapon.On the 6th August 1945, the first atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima causing huge losses. Sixty nine years after the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombardment, there is still a strong debate between the nuclear optimists and pessimists on whether the proliferation of nukes undermines international peace. Basing on empirical evidences from books, articles, reports and media sources, this essay discuss both about the views of the optimists and pessimists of nuclear weapons. This essay's main aim is to prove that the spread of nuclear weapon does not undermine international peace; on the contrary it helps maintaining it. To my point of view we are living in a more stable world and the credits mainly goes to the possession of nuclear weapons.
After the case of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6 and 9 August 1945 respectively, the world discovered the horrible destructive power of nuclear weapons. In fact President Truman states "when they think this is just another bomb, they are making a serious mistake. But it isn't just another weapon not just another bomb. People make a mistake about that when they talk that way." This statement illustrates how nuclear weapons are very far from conventional arms. In fact the nuclear weapon had been used only twice since its creation. The question is: why this weapon had not been used again? The reason is more than evident; the power of nukes is immeasurable, it can destroy millions of lives at once and radiation can cause after effect over the generations. President Truman described the nuclear weapon as being a "great natural force which killed women, children and old indiscriminately.