Canada's healthcare system consists of provincial and territorial based health insurance plans that provide universal comprehensive coverage for medically necessary hospital and physician services (Rakich, 1991). Canada created a universal healthcare system, better known as Medicare. Canada reformed the healthcare system in 1966, creating the Medical Care Act. The Medical Care Act established universal coverage for physician services under provincially administered programs (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2010). In 1984, Canada reformed the healthcare system once more, and The Canada Health Act was formed and named Medicare. Canada's healthcare system provides healthcare to all citizens in all the providences of Canada. The healthcare system is ran by the government of Canada. Canada's universal healthcare system has come under attack due to the increase in health cost, lack of new medical technology, and pharmacy cost. .
Canada has reformed the healthcare system many times in the past forty decades. In 1962, Saskatchewan took the national lead in Canada's healthcare and health policy, enacting the Medical Care Insurance Act (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2010). The Medical Care Insurance Act allowed universal healthcare coverage to the providence of Saskatchewan. In 1966, the federal government passed the Medical Care Act. This act established universal coverage for physician services under provincially administered programs (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2010). The financing of the plan was a mixed model with the federal government matching the provincial expenditures at a fifty percent rate for physician services (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2010). The funding of healthcare comes from tax revenue. The healthcare is publically funded, but more privately run. .
Canada reformed the healthcare again in 1984, creating the Canada Health Act of 1984.