The idea of simultaneity, geometricity, and passage being integrated into art started just before the 20th century. This style of art was, however, just an idea and didn't become an art form until the early 20th century, in which it came to be known as Cubism. Cubism was the first type of abstract art, in that it dealt with making a sort of illusion by distorting perception and trying to present an image in an unrealistic way. Cubism tried breaking the shackles of seeing things from one viewpoint. All artwork from times before had created an image that portrayed a single three dimensional view of something, as the human eye would see. However, cubism examined the fourth dimension by making a fragmented image of a single object and piecing it together by making a collage of varying viewpoints, unlike how the human eye would see. This put emphasis on differentiating paintings from reality, contrary to previous works, where art was made to look as real as possible. This modern art movement was a response to the rapidly changing world. From just 1870-1910, the world saw more technological advancements than during the entirety of the renaissance era. Artists saw that the western traditions in place had their run but were not fitted for the time anymore and that a new style needed to take its place. This era is characterized as a time of new perspective and generally a different way of seeing things. Cubism perfectly represented that characterization by being radically different and portraying things in an abstract manner. .
Georges Braque .
Georges Braque was born on May 13th, 1882, in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise, France and died on August 31st, 1963 in Paris, France. In 1890, he moved with his family to Le Havre and began attending the municipal art school in 1897, where he acquainted himself with Othon Friesz and Raoul Dufy. He joined them in Paris at the turn of the century, and after a year of military service, settled in Montmartre on 1902.