Would someone like to bring back one or two of their dead family members? Wouldn"t it be great if they could spend one or two moments with them? This will soon be possible if scientists succeed in cloning a human being. This may sound too good to be true, and maybe, it is. Using the technique scientists are using now to clone things may prove deadly to humans if they are cloned. This paper will be about the history and explanation of cloning, arguments for and against, and ethical issues and thoughts. .
A clone is the name for a group of organisms or other living matter with exactly the same genetic material. Genetic material is made up of genes, which are the parts of cells that determine the characteristics in living things. There are many examples of cloning in nature. Single-celled organisms, including bacteria, protozoa, and yeast, produce genetically identical offspring through asexual reproduction. These offspring develop from only one parent and are considered clones. Scientists use a different technique to clone higher life forms. The way it is usually done is by taking out genetic material and putting into the host mother's ovum. Then they let it develop normally and let the mother give birth normally unless there are complications. They started cloning amphibians like frogs and salamanders as early as the 1950's. In 1996, British scientist Ian Wilmot and his group used the technique to clone a sheep. They named it "Dolly". Dolly was the first mammal to be cloned. Since then, the U.S., Japan, Great Britain, and other world powers have been trying to clone the first human being. .
The goals and purpose for cloning go from making copies of those that have deceased to make the offspring superior in humans and animals. We could use the information of cloning to make genetically superior livestock. With this power we could help world hunger and we would be able to produce higher quality meat, milk, and wool.