The earliest Greek civilizations thrived nearly 4,000 years ago. Yet, their culture still impacts our lives today, in the arts, in philosophy, and in science, math, literature and politics. The ancient Greeks were great builders, thinkers, philosophers and military strategists. There are so many aspects of Greek culture. We explored their land and time, daily life, religion and death, the economy, and art.
Greece is the southeastern most region of the European continent. It is defined by a series of mountains, surrounded on all sides except the north by water, and endowed with countless large and small islands. There were several time periods throughout Greek history. The first period was the Geometric Period (Circa 900-700 BC). This period was the time of innovation and transformation in Greek society. During this time population dramatically increased and urban life re-merged. The next period was the Archaic Period (Circa 600-479 BC). Commerce and the arts began to prosper under the tyrant dictators of this time period. Then came the Classical Period (Circa 479-323 BC). The end of the Persian Wars marked this period. Athens reached its greatest political and cultural heights at this time. Lastly, came the Hellenistic Period (Circa 323-31 BC). This was the international, cosmopolitan age and many advances were made in various fields of scientific inquiry.
There are a lot of parts of Greek daily life. First, Greek city houses were built of relatively inexpensive materials including stone, wood, or clay bricks. A Greek house was furnished with chairs, stools, couches, tables and various types of chests, boxes, and backets. On special occasions after the evening meal in the Greek household, they would have a symposium, which is a drinking party. A symposium is organized by a host and is for his male guests, which may also include female entertainers. Greek women had practically no political rights and were controlled by men throughout every stage of their lives.